TOPIC #4

Matematik Tahun 6-UPSR

Peratus - Menukar Nombor Bercampur kepada Peartus.

 

 

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Latihan matematik UPSR ini disarankan untuk digunakan oleh murid-murid tahun 6. Semua latihan adalah menggunakan ayat bahasa Inggeris. Laman ini boleh dicetak terus untuk kegunaan ibubapa/guru sebagai latihtubi.
  1.

    A. 16%
    B. 106 7
    C. 160%
    D. 1600%
     
  2. Convert 520% to mixed number.
   
     
  3. 180% =
   
     
  4. Which of  the  following is true?
   
     
  5.
    A. 355%
    B. 385%
    C. 455%
    D. 920%
 

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What is Percent?

Percent (noun), percentage (noun): the first component is from Latin per "for." The Indo-European root is per- "forward, through, in front of," and many other things. The second component is from Latin centum "hundred," from the Indo-European root dekm-tom-, a form of dekm- "ten," because a hundred is ten tens.

The word percent means literally "for (each) hundred." In older American books the full Latin phrase per centum was normally used. Later the abbreviation per cent. appeared, and eventually the period after the last letter was dropped. Modern usage allows percent as one word or per cent as two words. The symbol that commonly represents percent, %, may have originated from the second part of p c, an early Italian abbreviation of per cento. By the 17th century the symbol o/o was in common use in Europe to represent a percent. In any case, the current symbol, with its two "zeros," is a convenient reminder that a percent is a fraction whose denominator, 100, also contains two zeros.

So one percent is simply one hundredth, 1% = 1/100, n% = n/100. Oftener than other fractions, percents are percents of something, of another quantity. For example, 5% of 120 is 1205/100 = 6. A penny is 1%, a nickel 5%, a dime 10% and a quarter 25% of a dollar.

To grow by 100% means to become twice as big, because a 100% growth means adding 100% of what was already there another 100% to the total of 200%. Losing 100% means losing everything.

Assume, your stock in a XYZ company lost 20% of its value. It might have been, for example, worth $1000 and by losing 20% (which is 100020/100 = 200) has the current worth of $800. What does it take to get you money back? In other words, now starting at $800, how much (in percents) you should gain so that your stock is back to its original value of $1000? Do you think that, since your lost 20%, all it takes to get back to $1000 is to gain your 20% back? Well, it is not so.

Obviously, to make your stock worth the original $1000, you should gain the lost $200. But $200 is now a portion of your current holdings of $800, and is such is not 20% of the latter. (20% of $800 equal $80020/100 = $160.) So what portion of $800 is the amount of $200? It's 1/4, of course. In terms of percents, seek a fraction equal to 1/4 with the denominator of 100: 1/4 = 25/100 = 25%.) So, here is a lesson to learn: it is easier to lose money than to gain some.

Percents provide a relative view of quantitative information. For example, it is known that, in the year 2000 elections, Ralph Nader received more votes (2,800,000) than did Lincoln (1,900,000) in 1860. However, in 1860 there were less than 5000000 eligible voters while in 2000 their number exceeded 100000000. Turning to percents, Nader received 2800000/100000000100% = 2.8%, whereas Lincoln received a whooping 1900000/5000000100% = 38%. Read more...

 

 

 

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